+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Unraveling the puzzle of human anellovirus infections by comparison with avian infections with the chicken anemia virus

Unraveling the puzzle of human anellovirus infections by comparison with avian infections with the chicken anemia virus

Virus Research 137(1): 1-15

Current clinical studies on human annelloviruses infections are directed towards finding an associated disease. In this review we have emphasized the many similarities between human anellovirus and avian circoviruses and the cell and tissue types infected by these pathogens. We have done this in order to explore whether knowledge acquired from natural and experimental avian infections could reflect and be extrapolated to the less well-characterized human annellovirus infections. The knowledge gained from the avian system may provide suggestions for decoding the enigmatic human anellovirus infections, and finding the specific disease or diseases caused by these human anellovirus infections. Each additional parallelism between chicken anemia virus (CAV) and Torque teno virus (TTV) further strengthens this premise. As we have seen information from human infections can also be used to better understand avian infections as well. Increased attention must be focused on the "hidden" or unrecognized, seemingly asymptomatic effects of circovirus and anellovirus infections. Understanding the facilitating effect of these infections on disease progression caused by other pathogens may help to explain differences in outcome of complicated poultry and human diseases. The final course of a pathogenic infection is determined by variations in the state of health of the host before, during and after contact with a pathogen, in addition to the phenotype of the pathogen and host. The health burden of circoviridae and anellovirus infections may be underestimated, due to lack of awareness of the need to search past the predominant clinical effect of identified pathogens and look for modulation of cellular-based immunity caused by co-infecting circoviruses, and by analogy, human anneloviruses.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 024077558

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 18656506

DOI: 10.1016/j.virusres.2008.06.014

Related references

Complete genome sequence analysis of a recent chicken anemia virus isolate and comparison with a chicken anemia virus isolate from human fecal samples in China. Journal of Virology 86(19): 10896-7, 2012

Flock prevalence of exposure to avian adeno-associated virus, chicken anemia virus, fowl adenovirus, and infectious bursal disease virus among Ontario broiler chicken flocks. Avian Diseases 58(1): 71-77, 2014

Enhanced pathogenicity of chicken anemia agent in dual infections with marek's disease virus and infectious bursal disease virus or reticuloendotheliosis virus. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B 33(2): 93-116, 1986

Enhanced pathenogicity of chicken anemia agent (CAA) in dual infections with Marek's disease virus (MDV), infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) or reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV). Zentralblatt für Veterinarmedizin. Reihe B. Journal of Veterinary Medicine. Series B 33(2): 93, 1986

Putative human and avian risk factors for avian influenza virus infections in backyard poultry in Egypt. Veterinary Microbiology 168(1): 208-213, 2014

Development of a multiplex PCR for detection of avian adenovirus, avian reovirus, infectious bursal disease virus, and chicken anemia virus. Molecular and Cellular Probes 18(5): 293-298, 2004

Experimental infections of herring gulls (Larus argentatus) with H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses by intranasal inoculation of virus and ingestion of virus-infected chicken meat. Avian Pathology 37(4): 393-397, 2008

Testing and management of a specific pathogen free chicken flock with special reference to avian leukosis virus infections. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 16(3): 341-356, 1975

Liver lesions in the chicken. I. In some virus infections. II. In some bacterial infections. Archiva vet 4: 121-129 + 131-141, 1968

Circumcision related to urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections, human immunodeficiency virus infections, and penile and cervical cancer. International Journal of Urology 20(8): 769-775, 2013

Epidemiology and significance of chicken infectious anemia virus infections in broilers and broiler parents under nonvaccinated European circumstances. Avian diseasest 45(3): 706-708, 2001

Cancer-salient messaging for Human Papillomavirus vaccine uptake: A randomized controlled trial. Vaccine 36(18): 2494-2500, 2018