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Blood group antigens in Aymara and Quechua speaking tribes from near Puno, Peru

Blood group antigens in Aymara and Quechua speaking tribes from near Puno, Peru

American Journal of Phys Anthropol 20(3): 321-329

Blood samples were obtained from 58 Aymara-speaking and 119 Quechua-speaking Indians from villages near Puno, Peru. Known historical factors which might have led to intermixture between the principle Indian tribal antecedents and other Indian, white, and Negro groups are reviewed. Bloods were analyzed for various blood groups. Pre-conquest South American Indians are believed to have been 100% group O and not to have carried genes r, Ro, V, K, Lea, or Js. Diego is found with variable frequency in Indians but generally not in whites or Negroes. P tends to be lower and Fya higher in Indians than in whites or Negroes. The Aymara-speaking group showed a pattern of genetic frequencies compatible with pure Indian ancestry. There was evidence of about 1.1% white and 14.6% Negro admixture in the Quechua-speaking group. An appropriate formula permitted estimation of the genetic profile for the pre-conquest Indian antecedents of this group. A noteworthy feature of these antecedents was an estimated 15% frequency of Rz (CDE), the highest by far of which we are aware. The frequency of Dia was 9.0% for the Aymara-speaking group, 2.0% for antecedents of the Qeuchua-speaking group. Other studies of Dia in Andean Indian groups have shown a higher incidence farther north, a lower incidence farther south. It appears probable that some pre-conquest Andean groups did not carry Dia.

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Accession: 024255753

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PMID: 13967786

DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.1330200315

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