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Comparative studies on Cephalosporium gramineum Nisikado et Ikata, which causes the stripe disease of wheat, and C acremonium Corda



Comparative studies on Cephalosporium gramineum Nisikado et Ikata, which causes the stripe disease of wheat, and C acremonium Corda



Ber Ohara Inst Landw Forsch 8(3): 283-304



3 strains of C. acremonium were obtained from Germany, Italy and Holland, and were compared with C. gramineum isolated from diseased culms of wheat and Alopecurus agrestis in Okayama, Japan. The conidia of C. gramineum were significantly larger (4-12 X 1-3.3 [mu]) than those of C. acremonium (3-11 X 1-3 [mu]). Colonies of C. acremonium on potato dextrose agar in diffuse light, were orange yellow color, those of C. gramineum were colorless. The min., opt. and max. temps. for growth were for C. gramineum 5, 20, and 30[degree]C; for C. acremonium, 10, 30 and 38[degree]C. C. gramineum attacked wheat seedlings and caused stripe disease, C. acremonium was nonpathogenic.

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