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Cotton planting rate studies on the high plains


Cotton planting rate studies on the high plains



Misc Publ Texas Agric Expt Sta 358: 3-8



Cotton spacing and plant population have been studied extensively but mechanical stripper harvesting has created a need for additional information. The purpose of this work was to find the effect of plant population on factors that might affect the performance of the mechanical stipper. Five planting rates ranging from 8 to 45 pounds per acre were tested at the Lubbock station during 1951-56. The following effects of planting rate were found: (1.) Emergence varied inversely with planting rate; (2.) Lint yield differences for planting rates up to 25 pounds per acre were not significant; (3.) Boll size decreased as the plant population increased; (4.) Weed population was suppressed in the higher planting rates; (5.) Harvest loss, amount of stems gathered by the stripper, and machine stoppages caused by large plants were less in the heavier rates of planting; (6.) Plant characteristics of the higher populations were modified by increasing the height of the first branch and decreasing the plant height, the length and number of branches and the main stem diameter; (7.) Total main stem weight increased, while branch weight decreased as the plant population was increased; (8.) Plant population effects of the fiber characteristics were slight. Planting rates of about 20 pounds per acre should give high stripper-harvesting efficiency, good yields and a minimum probability of having to replant.

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