Section 25
Chapter 24,432

Cytogenetics of hybrids of Carthamus species with ten pairs of chromosomes

Schank, S.C.; Knowles, P.F.

American Journal Botany 51(10): 1093-1102


Accession: 024431529

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Plants thought to be typical of 7 species were chosen to represent the various taxa of Carthamus species with 10 pairs of chromosomes. These entities were crossed in all possible combinations and 20 of the possible 21 interspecific hybrids were obtained after 3 seasons of crosses. Analyses of the hybrids included studies of microsporocytes, pollen stainability, achene fertility, rudimentary ovaries, and other morphological characteristics. Pairing of chromosmes at metaphase I indicated no trans-locations were present in hybrids between C. tenuis from Israel, C. alexandrinus from Egypt, C. glaucus from northern Israel, and C. syriacus from Jordan. Members of this group are assigned the standard arrangement. Hybrids of C. glaucus from Iran, C. glaucus from Syria, and C. dentatus from Turkey always showed a translocation or chromosomal interchange when crossed with any member having the "standard" arrangement. The last 3 species are considered to have the "non-standard" chromosomal arrangement. The parental species used in this study can be regarded as a set of testers which will allow identification of chromosomal differentiation in additional Carthamus materials as they are collected.

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