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Das Vorkommen von Thiobacillus thioparus und Th. thiooxydans in Wild-boden und die Formenfiille in Kulturen von Thioparus



Das Vorkommen von Thiobacillus thioparus und Th. thiooxydans in Wild-boden und die Formenfiille in Kulturen von Thioparus



Bot Arch 34(2): 287-336



Decomposition of thiosulphate in solution media was followed subsequently to inoculation with soil material obtained from forests, heaths, bogs and sands. Of the 85 soils studied, 29 contained organisms causing decomposition; some specimens from each habitat caused disappearance of thio-sulphate in alkaline media, and were thus considered as harboring thiosulphate bacteria (T. thioparus). Cor-relations were made between nature of vegetation and occurrence of thiosulphate decomposers; in general, the greater the content of organic matter, the greater the numbers of organisms found. Reaction was apparently not a determining factor, since decomposition occurred in soils of widely different pH values (3.3-7.3). Formation of acid in media containing elementary S and inoculated with soil material was interpreted as indicating presence of T. thiooxydans. Results interpreted as indicating presence of this organism were reported in 22 of 85 soils studied (from beaches, moors, and woodland). T. thiooxydans was most frequently encountered in heather soils. The transformation appeared to be fairly active in 6 of the soils, and very active in 6 others. Only 4 soils showed presence of both organisms; neither was found in sand-dune material. The thiosulphate decomposers isolated were gram-positive, large and small rods and gram-negative small rods; some were facultatively autotrophic, aerobic, and used both nitrate and ammoniacal N. The cells exhibited great variation in size, shape and structure with ageing.

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