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Decomposition of incrusted cellulose in soil. 1. Straw and sawdust in clay soil and sandy soil

Decomposition of incrusted cellulose in soil. 1. Straw and sawdust in clay soil and sandy soil

Meddel Centralanst Forsoksvas Jordbruk Somr bakt Avdeln 40 stockholm 300: 1-21

The investigations here described were made to determine whether results obtained in previous experiments on decomposition of cellulose (filter paper being used) in soil and the factors that affect it were applicable in principle to cellulose occurring in a natural (encrusted) form {e.g., straw and sawdust). The experiments show that soil reaction is of as little importance in fermentation of encrusted cellulose as in that of paper cellulose. Just as in the case of paper cellulose, rate of decomposition of encrusted cellulose is in direct proportion to amount of N compounds available for cellulose-fermenting organisms. With oat straw, there is sufficient readily soluble N in the straw itself, so that the encrusted cellulose ferments more rapidly in a sandy soil, poor in N, than does pure paper cellulose. Apparently, this largely explains the rapid decomposition of plant residues in soil (stubble and roots).

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