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Eco-physiological studies on maintenance of density in forage crop sward: IV. The effects of soil moisture and cutting height on the yield and botanical composition in both orchardgrass-ladino clover and orchardgrass-alfalfa mixtures


Eco-physiological studies on maintenance of density in forage crop sward: IV. The effects of soil moisture and cutting height on the yield and botanical composition in both orchardgrass-ladino clover and orchardgrass-alfalfa mixtures



J Jap Soc Grassl Sci 13(2): 122-127



Soil moisture had little effect on the growth of orchardgrass, but produced a great change in the legume growth; humid soil was favorable for Ladino clover and checked alfalfa. Dry soil was favorable for the latter and depressed the former. The growth of orchardgrass was influenced more by cutting height than by soil moisture. In the orchardgrass-Ladino clover mixture, the clover played the leading part in determining the yield, and the highest fresh yield was obtained in the low cut-wet soil treatment, followed by the high cut-wet soil. The highest dry matter was obtained in the high cut-wet soil as a result of better grass-legume balance. In the orchardgrass-alfalfa sward, the growth of alfalfa dominated the sward resulting in the highest yield by low cut on dry soil, followed by high cut on the same soil condition. The growth of grass was improved by higher cut, but the alfalfa growth was fairly depressed. There was little yield difference in terms of dry matter production between the orchardgrass-Ladino clover and orchardgrass-alfalfa swards when the soil condition and cutting height were favorable for each mixture, respectively. Under the condition of higher water table with much soil moisture, the former considerably out-yielded the latter. In fresh weight yield, the sward containing Ladino clover was always more productive than the one containing alfalfa.

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Eco-physiological studies on maintenance of density in forage crop sward. 4. The effects of soil moisture and cutting height on the yield and botanical composition in both orchardgrass-Ladino clover and orchardgrass-alfalfa mixtures. 5. The effects of plant density, level of nitrogen application and cutting frequency on the tillering behaviour and its relation to the yield of orchard-grass sward originated from one clone. J. Jap. Soc. Grassld Sci 13(2): 122-7, 128-42. Bibl. 8 and 18, 1967

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