Effects of genotype and sowing date on phytostanol-phytosterol content and agronomic traits in wheat under organic agriculture
Marion Alignan; Jane Roche; Andrée Bouniols; Muriel Cerny; Zephirin Mouloungui; Othmane Merah
Food Chemistry 117(2): 219-225
ISSN/ISBN: 0308-8146 DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.03.102
Cereals are an important source of sterols and stanols in the human diet. The present study underlines the effect of genotype and weather conditions in bread wheat, on total sterol and stanol content (TSS), agronomic traits, proteins and ash content under organic conditions. Variations in TSS as well as other characters between two sowing dates were observed. A broad genotypic variability was also reported since extreme genotypes differed by more than 30 mg 100 g−1 DW for TSS, with total stanol content varying twofold. Moreover, two groups of genotypes that differed in agronomic production, ash and protein content were depicted, based on their response to an increase in temperature. This result suggests that the genotypic factor prevails over the sowing date factor for determining sterol and stanol traits in wheat cultivated under organic conditions. Nevertheless, a strong interaction exists between the two factors, which can be used to drive bioaccumulation of these molecules.