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Fly control works in farm villages in Yamaguchi Prefecture with special reference to the effect of fly control by closed tank for animal manure



Fly control works in farm villages in Yamaguchi Prefecture with special reference to the effect of fly control by closed tank for animal manure



Edemic Dis Bull Nagasaki Univ 1(3): 296-329



The most important flies in farm villages in Yamaguchi Prefecture are Musca domestica vicina and Stomoxys calcitrans. These flies breed out mainly from animal manure in these districts since kitchen refuse is utilized for feed of domestic fowl or pig, for fertilizer by mixing with animal manure or night soil, or incinerated. Only in summer fowl droppings may permit the breed of the stable-fly. In these villages fly control field experiments were made in 1957 and 1958. For the control of the house and stable flies, the "closed tank for animal manure" devised by Omori was used. In 1957 the tanks were used in 2 farm houses in Mominoki. Control of these flies was evaluated by house-fly index, the number of flies caught by fly ribbon and fly paper, and stable-fly index and compared results obtained in 2 groups of houses, using methods of fly-flap and clean-up of houses and cattle sheds, use of residual sprays in mid-May and mid-October, and an untreated group. Results show that the tank is the most effective, the fly-flap and clean-up method are next while the residual sprays are effective about half to one month. The tank is very effective for controlling house-fly but is apparently not so effective for stable-fly. In 1958, the tanks were used for 11 houses in the Mominoki village including the former two. The decrease in population density of house-flies was somewhat less than that observed in the 2 houses in the previous year. This is probably due to the occasional wrong usage of the tanks. In the case of the stable-fly, in summer, a slight rise in density was observed because of breeding of the fly from droppings in fowl batteries, but in its active breeding season from late autumn to early winter, very marked reduction occurred. In 1958, a village of 26 farm houses, 4 household scattered throughout the village began to use the tanks. The house-fly indices decreased considerably in the houses with tanks, while the stable-fly indices did not necessarily decrease. In these houses there was a considerable reduction in the period from mid-October to early December, the active breeding season of the stable-fly. Results indicate that "closed tank for animal manure " is effective for controlling the house-fly and for the destruction of the stable-fly maggots if the tank is used correctly.

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