Historical development of the utilization of marine algae. In: Marine Algae. Industrial importance and use

Hoppe, H.A.

BOT MARINA 3(Suppl ): 12-15

1962


Accession: 024795165

Download citation:  
Text
  |  
BibTeX
  |  
RIS

Article/Abstract emailed within 1 workday
Payments are secure & encrypted
Powered by Stripe
Powered by PayPal

Abstract
Marine algae were mentioned in literature for the 1st time in old China (2700 B.C.) In eastern Asia they subsequently attained importance for medication and human nourishment, as well as for fertilization. In East Asia the economic use of algae began in medieval times. In Europe ever after the 12th century marine algae were used as fertilizers. In the 17th century Kelp kilns were established, where Na and K salts were produced for the production of glass. When it became possible after 1791 to produce soda according to the Leblanc method, algae lost their commercial value; however, their importance again grew due to the production of iodine. Of the phycocolloids made of marine algae only agar was known until a very few decades ago. From 1662 until World War I the production of agar was a Japanese monopoly. Today particularly alginic acid and the alginates, agar, carrageenan, furcellaran, so-called "Danish agar" and other products made on the raw material basis of marine algae have been growing in importance year after year. But also as fertilizers, feeds and food, materials from algae have not been forgotten. In all these fields modern science and industry are working together today on an international basis.