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Ichthyofauna of the Ingol and Shilka Rivers and some of their biological features


, : Ichthyofauna of the Ingol and Shilka Rivers and some of their biological features. Nauchn Dokl Vysshei Shkoly Biol Nauk 2: 40-43

Ichthyofauna of the Ingol and Shilka consisted basically of representatives of the boreal foothill complex (Hucho taimen, Brachymystax lenok, Amur Thymallus thymallus, common Phoxinus, Salvelinus sp. and Amur Cottus), the boreal plain complex (Leuciscus waleckii, Lagov Phoxinus, Amur Gobio gobio, Carassius auratus gibelio, Cobitis taenia and Esox reicherti), and the ancient late-tertiary complex (Lampetra planeri, Pseudaspius leptocephalus, Amur Rhodeus, Cyprinus carpio and Parasilurus asotus). Representatives of Chinese and Indian complexes were noted in a small quantity. The fish that were characteristic for these rivers deposited spawn on the bottom and fed principally on epifauna benthos. The commercial fish were few. The following were fished commercially: Leuciscus waleckii, Hucho taimen, Brachymystax lenok and Esox reicherti; and Parasilurus asotus, Hemibarbus labeo and Cyprinus carpio to a lesser extent. In future reservoirs, it would be expedient to create a school of Cyprinus carpio.

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