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Inheritance in the carnation, Dianthus caryophyllus. I. Inheritance of flower color



Inheritance in the carnation, Dianthus caryophyllus. I. Inheritance of flower color



Proceedings American Society Hort Science 37: 1019-1021



3 main groups of self-colors are discussed: (1) The acyanic group due to anthoxanthin including white and yellow; (2) the cyanic group due to anthocyanin containing 2 distinct series: (a) the red series with the salmon, red, lavender pink, and crimson colors; (b) the magenta series with the light pink, deep pink, lavender pink, and purple colors; (3) the transition group due to partial development of anthocyanin on yellow anthoxanthin base including salmon-yellow, orange, and maroon. 6 independent factors concerned with these self-colors were identified: Y controls the production of yellow anthoxanthin; I controls the production of ivory anthoxanthin, and is epistatic to Y; A is the basic anthocyanin factor, normally effective only in the presence of both Y and I, and in the absence of I only partial development of anthocyanin takes place, the resultant color ranging from salmon yellow to maroon depending on the specific anthocyanin factors present; S controls the production of scarlet-red anthocyanin, its recessive allele s salmon; R controls the production of crimson-red anthocyanin, its recessive allele r permitting the production of scarlet-red anthocyanin only; [image] modifies the colors of the red series to the corresponding colors of the magenta series, but has no effect in the acyanic group and probably little effect in the transition group.

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