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Investigations of bitter rot of cherries



Investigations of bitter rot of cherries



Phytopath Zeitschr 15(3): 333-375



On the basis of morphology, nutrient requirements and growth rate on artificial substrata, Gloeosporium fructigenum, occurring on exptl. and wild cherries, elder, apple, plum, grape, tomato and bean, may be separated into innumerable biotypes. Infections occurring in the fruits of its perennial hosts may invade the pedicels and twigs, while those established on leaves and buds remain limited. Acervuli are formed in overwintering colonies on branches and bud scale remnants, giving rise to the primary inoculum which is spread by spattering rain drops. Fruits of Gloeosporium-susceptible cherry vars. are at the height of predisposition to infection in the mid-ripened state, but in Gloeosporium- resistant ones this occurs only at the fully ripened stage. Consequently, the pathogen in the first case has a longer period in which to build up to epidemic proportions through repeated secondary infections. Control was attained by 2 post-bloom spray applications of 0.75% "Amarex" or 0.5% copper oxychloride. The 1st appln. is made immediately after the sepals drop, the 2d, about 2-3 wks. later.

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