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Jaw musculature of the mourning and white-winged doves



Jaw musculature of the mourning and white-winged doves



Univ Kansas Publ Mus Nat Hist 12(12): 523-551



The jaw musculature was investigated for 6 spp. or sspp. of mourning doves (Zenaidura) and 5 of white-winged doves (Zenaida). The larger size of one of the muscles in the lower jaw, in the white-winged dove, which has been used to support the contention that the 2 genera are distinct, seems to be related to the elongated beak apparently used for nectar-feeding in flowers of the saguaro cactus. Excluding the beak, the skulls of the white-wing and mourning doves are of nearly the same shape. Previous investigators have shown that in Zenaida and Zenaidura plumage patterns are similar, nesting habits and eggs are nearly identical, blood proteins are similar, and 1 "intergeneric" hybridization in nature is known. Therefore, it is concluded that spp. of the 2 alleged genera are congeneric, and the author agrees with Goodwin (1958) that the genus Zenaida should include the mourning dove, eared dove, Socorro dove, Zenaida dove, and white-winged dove, or Z. macroura, Z. auriculata, Z. graysoni, Z. aurita, and Z. asiatica. Many detailed drawings are shown.

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Accession: 024916942

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