Perforated peptic ulcer, selective gastric resection in emergency treatment
California Medicine 96: 315-320
ISSN/ISBN: 0008-1264 PMID: 13885740 Accession: 025218337
In a series of 240 cases of perforated peptic ulcer prior to 1952 there was a total mortality of 17 per cent. This included cases treated conservatively as a planned procedure or because of other morbid conditions and undiagnosed cases, all ending in death. In cases treated by simple suture, mortality was 2.6 per cent for patients under 50 years of age and 17 per cent for those over 50, the rate rising very steeply with each decade over 50. From 1953 through 1959 selective gastric resection was carried out, the operation being done in all cases of perforated gastric ulcers, of chronic duodenal ulcers and of perforations associated with hemorrhage. During this period 303 perforated ulcers were treated, with a mortality of 15.5 per cent. Patients with associated morbid conditions and those admitted moribund and died, or died undiagnosed were again included. In this series also the mortality increased steeply from age 50 onward. Gastric resection was carried out in 148 cases of perforated peptic ulcer with a mortality of 6 per cent. In 105 cases under 60 years of age there were no deaths but in those over 60 the mortality rate was 21.8 per cent. Results in the patients who had resection, as determined after three years of observation, compared favorably with the results in patients who were treated by suture. The mortality of perforated ulcers in females was higher than in males. Emergency gastric resection has a definite place in the treatment of perforated peptic ulcer.