Performance of two types of depressives on a test of symbol arrangement
Journal of Clinical Psychology 14(2): 197-199
ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9762 PMID: 13513828 DOI: 10.1002/1097-4679(195804)14:2<197::aid-jclp2270140228>3.0.co;2-0
The Kahn Test of Symbol Arrangement [see 32: 2899] was used to differentiate two types of depressive patients in an Air Force hospital. One of the groups consisted of patients who were believed to suffer from genuine depression with a relative absence of hostile feelings. The other group [passive aggressive and passive dependent personality disorders] consisted of patients whose depression appeared to be superficial and transitory. Rage, anger and hostility were thought to be the primary feelings of these subjects. . . . Differences were found in test responses indicating that the genuinely depressed patients tended to slow up in their reaction time and to emphasize the external form of the test objects. . . . The rage directed group obtained a higher mean number element score . . . and maintained a higher level of abstraction." The 25 Ss in each group were matched for race, religion, and sex, but the genuine depressives were older (5% level) and brighter (10% level).