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Personal ideas about the application of the International Rules of Nomenclature, or, as with the Rules themselves, international deliberation? Some denominations of I. coniferous-, II. dicotyledonous trees and shrubs species. With a retrospection and a set of propositions on the nomenclature-Rules



Personal ideas about the application of the International Rules of Nomenclature, or, as with the Rules themselves, international deliberation? Some denominations of I. coniferous-, II. dicotyledonous trees and shrubs species. With a retrospection and a set of propositions on the nomenclature-Rules



Mededeel Van S Rijks Herb 55/56: 1-77



In the preface to Part I the history of nomenclature is sketched; and in an "Introductory case, Pinus halepensis," it is explained how old descriptions may be inadequate at the present time but nevertheless valid. Cases (33) are considered showing that sometimes names, which are rather generally regarded as legal and used as such, are illegal or at least doubtful. Thus, Pinus maritima is the legal name for P. pinaster, and Juniperus sibirica for J. nana. The author opposes the changing by American botanists of Larix leptolepis to L. kaempferi, Pseudolarix kaempferi to P. amabilis, Tsuga mertensiana to T. heterophylla, Thuja gigantea to T. plicata, etc. He shows that Pinus taxifolia Lamb. if not identical with Pseu-dotsuga douglasii. The author pleads for international deliberation and agreement in every case, at an International Congress. In Part II many Dicotyledoneous species of trees and shrubs are similarly treated, the author differing from Rehder in many instances, as his use of Populus tacamahacca for P. balsamifera, P. balsamifera for P. canadensis, Magnolia liliflora for M. denudata, M. denudata for M. precia, Tilia glabra for T. americana, Ailanthus altissima for A. glandulosa, Vitis kaempferi for V. coignetiae, Hydrangea macrophylla for H. opuloides, Rhodotypus scandens for R. herrioides, Chaenomeles lagenaria for C. japonica, and C. japonica for C. maulei, Symplocos paniculata for S. crataegoides, Akebia trifoliata for A. lobata, Symphoricarpus albus for S. racemosus, etc. In Betula, Ulmus, Tilia and Nyssa is considered the application of names in cases where a species has been divided; while for Alnus glutinosa and Cedrus libani is discussed the question of names published after 1753 but in works in which trivial (our species) names were not used. Also treated are (1) the case of names, based on a wrong determination or interpretation (Pinus inops Bong.), or with errors in their description (Schoutenia ovata Korth.); (2) that of names with meager description [Tilia americana L.); (3) that of names consisting of 2 generic names, both still in use as generic names (Picea abies), and of almost-tautological names (Halimodendrum halodendrum); (4) that of ephemeral names (Ulmus glabra Huds., Vitis kaempferi Koch, Rhododendrum luteum Sweet, Halesia carolina L.); (5) that of names changed by the author himself (Halesia Carolina L., Cedrus libani Lk., Pinus taxifolia Lamb., P. webbiana Don); etc. The author pleads for uniformity of orthography (e.g.; always sinensis and not in one genus sinensis and in another chinensis); and also for doing away with insipid names of all kinds. On pp. 63-66 there is a retrospection, followed by a set of Propositions on Nomenclature, in regard to the International Rules of 1905/10. The author pleads (no. 3,4) for a list of nomina specifica rejicienda and a list of nomina dubia; he gives suggestions (no. 7-13) for the nomenclature of varieties and hybrids; and he thinks that one should not strive to be ready with the nomenclature rules in 1930 (Congress at London) but that a revision or completion should be provided for through competent commissions, which will elaborate the consequences of the proposed rules or changes of the existing rules, lists of exceptions, etc., before they are voted at a congress; it is the idea of the author (Prop. no. 24) that the names of all species, etc., of plants are to be submitted, little by little to ascertain their validity and legality, to an International Congress; the way in which this might be done is given in Prop. 24-29. In conclusion the author proposes the compiling of a special list of names in respect to handbooks, catalogues, seed-lists and other papers for general use.

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