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Preparations of purified antigens from Staphylococcus aureus in biologic and serologic experiments: The effects of fractions A-l, A-2, A-3, B and C on dermal reactivity of the rabbit to epinephrine and on isolated ileum from the normal guinea-pigs. Occurrence of precipitins in sera from normal rabbits and guinea-pigs



Preparations of purified antigens from Staphylococcus aureus in biologic and serologic experiments: The effects of fractions A-l, A-2, A-3, B and C on dermal reactivity of the rabbit to epinephrine and on isolated ileum from the normal guinea-pigs. Occurrence of precipitins in sera from normal rabbits and guinea-pigs



Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 29(2): 190-207



Five preparations of purified antigens from S. aureus (A-l, A-2, A-3, B and C) were studied for their effect on the reactivity of the rabbit skin to epinephrine and their stimulating action on isolated ileum from normal guinea-pigs. In addition, a study in agar gel with the staphylococcal antigens and sera from normal guinea-pigs and rabbits was performed. Fractions A-2 and A-3, but not A-l, B and C, produced haemorrhagic lesions in the epinephrine-enhancing test. Fractions A-l, A-3 and B, but not A-2 and C, caused isolated guinea-pig ileum to contract. Two types of responses were recorded, the one in tests with fraction A-l and fraction B, the other in assays with fraction A-3. Precipitins against fraction A-l, which contains protein A, were invariable demonstrated in the guinea-pig sera (131 sera tested), but no other precipitins were found, either in the guinea-pig sera or in the rabbit sera. Anaphylaxis to protein A was suggested as a possible mechanism in the reaction of the guinea-pig ileum to fraction A-l.

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