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Relationships between chlorinity, density and specific conductivity in Baltic waters


Relationships between chlorinity, density and specific conductivity in Baltic waters



Ann Acad Sci Fennicae Ser A Ii Chem 111: 3-18



The chiorinities, densities and specific conductivities of 51 water samples from the Baltic, with chlorinities ranging from 1.25 to 7.11 per mille, are reported. The density values calculated from the Hydrographical Tables or with the aid of Wirth's equation giving the density of sea water in terms of volume concentration, i.e., chlorosity, are in general agreement with the experimental results, except in the case of the samples with chlorinity values below 2.5 per mille. Despite that one sample from the Gulf of Finland is included in the group of samples with chlorinites below 2.5 per mille, the material only permits the statement that in the Bothnian Bay the densities are lower than those found with the chlorinity-density relationship valid for the other regions of the Baltic with chlorinities higher than 2.5 per mille. The relationship between chlorosity and specific conductivity may be expressed with the aid of an equation analogous to the Onsager limiting law: [image] or by adding a term of the first order with respect to chlorosity. The relationship between density and specific conductivity of the form [image] is derived. The first 3 terms on the right are sufficient for the Baltic: waters. The properties of the equation expressing the specific conductivity are compared with the Onsager limiting law in the case of sodium chloride.

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