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Some effects of heavy metals on plants grown in soil culture. II. The effect of nickel on fertilizer and soil phosphate uptakes and iron and nickel status of tomato


Some effects of heavy metals on plants grown in soil culture. II. The effect of nickel on fertilizer and soil phosphate uptakes and iron and nickel status of tomato



Plant And Soil 5(2): 182-193



ISSN/ISBN: 0032-079X

A study has been made of the effects of nickel on the growth of tomato grown in soil culture in a factorial pot experiment. Nickel sulphate was supplied at 0, 15 and 30 meq per pot, fertilizer phosphate equivalent to 500 and 1000 lbs. superphosphate per acre. Each rate of fertilizer phosphate was labelled with the following levels of p32, 0, 2 and 4[mu]C per pot. Nickel treatment resulted first in a chlorosis of young leaves followed by a severe necrosis of stems, petioles and leaves. The stem tissues were injured and the plants were distorted. These effects were more severe than those observed for cobalt toxicity. Dry weights, total P, fertilizer P contents in tops and roots were significantly reduced by nickel treatment at the two samplings, except for total P (as mg% dry weight), which was increased at 2d sampling, roots. The latter is probably associated with a fixation of soil P in the roots. The injurious effect of nickel was not alleviated by increasing fertilizer phosphate, contrary to the result obtained previously for cobalt toxicity. The iron status (as mg per g) was not related to the incidence of chlorosis, in fact the Fe status increased with Ni treatment The addition of sodium vanadate at 5 or 10 meq per pot did not alleviate the injurious effects of nickel. The tracer at 2 or 4[mu]C per pot did not affect the nutrition of the plants.

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Related references

D. E. Some effects of heavy metals on plants grown in soil culture. Part II. The effect of nickel on fertiliser and soil phosphate uptakes and iron and nickel status of tomato. Plant and Soil 5: 182-93, 1954

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