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Studies on swine dysentery. I. Biochemical and cultural comparison of Vibrio of swine and of other origins. II. Swine dysentery transmission. III. Therapeusis of swine dysentery



Studies on swine dysentery. I. Biochemical and cultural comparison of Vibrio of swine and of other origins. II. Swine dysentery transmission. III. Therapeusis of swine dysentery



Jour Amer Vet Med Assoc 138(9): 471-483



All cultures of swine, human, and ovine origin produced catalase and reduced nitrates. None of them produced indol, affected litmus milk, or liquefied gelatin. All grew at 29oC and 37:C; none grew at 16[degree]C and 45[degree]C. All grew in mediums adjusted from pH 5.8 to 8.2. Only those cultures of swine produced hydrogen sulfide. Five of 6 attempts, involving 23 pigs, to transmit swine dysentery be exposure of susceptuble pigs to pure cultures of Vibrio organisms isolated from typical diseased swine were unsuccessful. In the 6th attempt, a diarrheal disease, not typical of dysentery, was produced when the pigs were simultaneously exposed per os to infectious colon filtrate and Vibrio culture. Sodium arsanilate alone relieved the clinical signs but it and furazolidone and Na salt of l-(5-nitro-2-furaldehyde)-4-P arsenophenyl semicarbozone used in natural and experimental infections did not completely remedy the pathologic changes.

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