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Studies on the vernalization in peas, Pisum sativum L. III: Effects of different photoperiod on the flower initiation in vernalized and unvernalized peas


Studies on the vernalization in peas, Pisum sativum L. III: Effects of different photoperiod on the flower initiation in vernalized and unvernalized peas



Res Bull Fac Agr Gifu Untv 22: 21-28



The flowering behavior of vernalized and unvernalized plants grown under different photoperiods and the influence of the gibberellin on chemical devernalization was studied. The seeds were sown in the greenhouse in spring or fall and were exposed to day-length of 8, 10-14 (natural day-length in spring and fall) and 24 hr. (supplemented with artificial light). The time of flowering and the position of the 1st flower were taken as a measure of flowering response. The flower initiation of vernalized and unvernalized plants grown under long-day photoperiod (24 hr.) was considerably accelerated, while that of short-day photoperiod (8 hr.) was retarded. The degree of photo-periodic reaction showed differences with varieties of peas. The application of gibberellin to young seedlings of dwarf pea variety ('Atsumi Kinusaya") after cold treatment (for 20 days at 2[degree]C) completely reversed the reproductive veneralization effect. The chemical devernalization effects were increased under long-day photoperiod.

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