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Study on the physiology of the nervous system in insects



Study on the physiology of the nervous system in insects



Atti Pontificia Accad Sci Nuovi Lincei 82(3): 138-150



Experiments with Carabus paludosus, Camponotus sp., Zona-bris variabilis, Mesocarabus rossii. Decapitation of insects produces total paralysis. Cutting off the supra-esophageal ganglion produces an asensorial walk; cutting off the infraesophageal ganglion produces paralysis. Circular movements of 3 successive types are obtained after unilateral lesions or functional impediments (obtained with KCN) of the supraesophageal ganglion. Parallel to the normal walk, there arise in insects reflexes of scratching, of trembling, of flexion. The infraesophageal ganglion probably has a function analogous to that of the cerebellum in vertebrates. The experiments are accompanied by rheograms tracing normal movements and turnings, and also abnormal circular movements due to injury to the supraesophageal ganglion.

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