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The establishment of a white birch community on cutover pulpwood land in northwestern Maine

The establishment of a white birch community on cutover pulpwood land in northwestern Maine

Bull Torrey Bot Club 69(9): 647-660

White birch, economically important in the northwest because of its special uses, is short-lived and slow-growing. Increasing demands are rapidly depleting the supply of merchantable timber, and fire control is reducing the acreage on which new stands might develop. Thus, small, localized stands of birch within other forest types must eventually become the major source of supply of the species. Complete successional series of such stands are not available in the region but a young (10-yr.) and a mature (60-yr.) stand located on comparable sites were found and studied phytosociologically. Density, frequence and basal area values detd. in 5 strata are used to demonstrate that (1) within 10 yrs. after clear cutting of mixed spruce-hardwood, local development of birch dominated mixed forest is possible and (2) birch may maintain its dominance in such stands for 60 yrs. at least. This should be considered in any estimate of future birch supply in Maine.

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Accession: 025784134

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DOI: 10.2307/2481510

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