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The impact of sodium chloride on root growth, cell division, and interphase silver-stained nucleolar organizer regions AgNORs in root tip cells of Allium cepa L



The impact of sodium chloride on root growth, cell division, and interphase silver-stained nucleolar organizer regions AgNORs in root tip cells of Allium cepa L



Scientia Horticulturae 121(2): 0-232



To evaluate genetic damage, parameters including root growth, chromosomal aberrations, and interphase silver-stained nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs) in root tip cells of Allium cepa L. were investigated after treatment with NaCl (40–160 mM). The results showed that NaCl caused a decrease in root growth. All concentrations of NaCl showed an inhibitory effect on dividing cells in root tips of A. cepa L. and caused a reduction in mitotic index values. Upon exposure to NaCl, roots exhibited various mitotic abnormalities, including c-mitosis, anaphase bridge, and chromosome stickiness. In addition, interphase cells with micronuclei, budding nuclei, and unequal-sized nuclei were observed. Moreover, total cell aberration increased with increasing NaCl concentration. For AgNOR parameters, the average number of AgNORs per nucleus decreased in roots treated at all NaCl concentrations. The singular AgNOR area and whole AgNOR area in the nucleus containing 1–3 AgNORs were inversely proportional to NaCl concentrations.

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Accession: 025815731

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DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2009.01.040



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