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The sanitary disposal and agricultural utilization of habitation wastes by the Indore process. With notes on the sanitary aspect, by J. R. J. TYRRELL, and M. A. NICHOLSON



The sanitary disposal and agricultural utilization of habitation wastes by the Indore process. With notes on the sanitary aspect, by J. R. J. TYRRELL, and M. A. NICHOLSON



Indian Med Gaz 69(2): 93-119



The object was to utilize effectively the fertilizing value of habitation waste consisting of refuse and night soil in a sanitary and economical way. The process depends on treatment of refuse and night soil by composting in thin layers in open trenches. Aerobic conditions are maintained by thinly coating the refuse with night soil and by turning the compost 3 times. The temp. rises to 50[degree]C, which leads to destruction of insect life. The period of decomposition under favorable conditions is 3 wks. Inoculation with half-rotted manure is resorted to, although satisfactory decomposition can be obtained without inoculation. At intervals the mass is moistened, but too much liquid should be avoided. Receipts are twice the cost of working. Production of manure is nearly half the original volume. The composition of the compost just after decomposition is as follows: N, 0.80%; K2O, 0.79%; P2O5, 0.8%. This compost gave a higher yield of lucerne than farm compost made of plant residues. With field crops, such as wheat, no appreciable difference could be obtained. The advantages of the process are enumerated.

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