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The winter survival of grass and legume plants in fall sown plots

The winter survival of grass and legume plants in fall sown plots

Sci Agric ottawa 23(7): 399-408

Observations were made on winter survival of a total of 3086 plants of crested wheat, brome, and slender wheat and on 790 alfalfa and 748 sweet clover plants in plots and fields sown from Sept. 1st to freeze-up over a 5-yr. period. Survival was closely-associated with stage of development at freeze-up, being low in- unemerged seedlings and small plants and high in large plants in all cases except sweet clover, the plants of which killed almost 100% irrespective of stage of development! The 3 grasses responded in a similar manner but alfalfa had a slightly lower survival. Survival was considerably higher in plots sown in stubble or weeds than in summer-fallow. A difference between years was noted but the year effect was greatest in unemerged and small plants and negligible in large plants. Crested wheat, alfalfa, and sweet clover were found to germinate well and brome and slender wheat poorly at constant temps. of 5[degree] and 8[degree] C.

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