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Chapter 25,991

Timber growing and logging practice in the central hardwood region

Tillotson, C.R.

U S Dept Agric Dept Bull 1491: 1-37

1927


Accession: 025990785

The region covers Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana, and parts of Iowa, Missouri, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kentucky, and Tennessee, in all about 40,000,000 acres. Three-fourths of the forest land is in farm woodlots. There are good local markets for timber. The forests generally are in poor condition, due to improper cutting, fire, and grazing. The numerous species occur in a great variety of mixtures. The 2 main types are upland, with a subtype of mixed hardwoods and conifers, and bottomland. Past cutting, mostly culling, has resulted in marked deterioration in quality. The chief obstacles to timber growing are the dominance of the agricultural idea, grazing, fires, and high taxes. Favorable factors are the ease of obtaining reproduction, the amount of land better suited to timber than to other uses, and the fact that woods management dovetails well with farm management. The minimum requirements for continuous production are to stop grazing in the farm woods and to prevent fire on the larger tracts. To produce full crops of high quality will require more care in removal of mature and defective trees and inferior species, the leaving of seed trees of valuable species, and the proper thinning of young stands. Cutting should generally be selective. Prompt, full stocking of valuable species in badly culled stands, can be obtained only by planting. Public assistance will be required in bringing about less burdensome forest taxation, better protection against fire, insects, and disease, the sale of planting stock at low cost, and also more scientific investigation of forest problems, with furnishing of expert advice. Publicly owned forests will be necessary for producing high grade timber.

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