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Yellow fever and other arthropod-borne viruses



Yellow fever and other arthropod-borne viruses



Trans Roy Soc Trop Med And Hyg 53(2): 202-212



Employing mouse-protec-tion techniques, surveys for virus antibodies were made in 2 areas of southwestern Nigeria. Both children and adults were tested. Buny-amwera, Bwamba, dengue, Mengo encephalitis, Semliki Forest, Uganda S, West Nile, yellow fever, and Zika viruses were so tested. Antibodies of Bwamba fever, dengue, Uganda S, yellow fever, and Zika viruses were frequently encountered while the antibodies for Bunyamwera, Mengo, Semliki Forest, and West Nile viruses were relatively rarely encountered. Association of positive results was noted between Zika and dengue, Zika and Uganda S, Zika and yellow fever, and more rarely elsewhere. This would seemingly link Zika with other viruses rather closely. The low incidence of clinical yellow fever in parts of Nigeria may be due to earlier infections with a related virus of the B group (yellow fever, Zika, dengue, Uganda S, and West Nile), especially Zika virus. Group A viruses (Semliki Forest) and the as yet unplaced Bwamba and Bunyamwera virus do not show any evidences of crossportection relationships. Mengo virus is now known to be carried by other than arthropod vectors, and is probably quite unrelated to those viruses making use of arthropods for their distribution.

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