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Clinical comparison of the visual parameters in infants with intrauterine growth retardation vs. infants with normal birth weight



Clinical comparison of the visual parameters in infants with intrauterine growth retardation vs. infants with normal birth weight



American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 63(9): 697-701



We measured vision function in a number of 7-month-old infants with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and compared these findings to those for 7-month-old infants of normal birth weight. The IUGR infants had an average visual acuity of 6/162 (20/540) and an average spherical refractive error of 1.49 D hyperopia. The normal birth weight infants had an average visual acuity of 6/118.8 (20/396) and an average spherical refractive error of 0.94 D hyperopia. However, the differences between the infant groups for visual acuity and refractive error were not statistically significant. Anisometropia, astigmatism, and strabismus were infrequent for both infant groups. The results of this study suggest that IUGR infants have visual abilities resembling those of normal birth weight infants.

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Accession: 027939388

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3777118

DOI: 10.1097/00006324-198609000-00001


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