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Contribution of environmental factors to variability in human drug metabolism

Contribution of environmental factors to variability in human drug metabolism

Drug Metabolism Reviews 9(2): 207-220

Drug metabolism in 96 London factory and office workers has been studied after simultaneous single doses of antipyrine (phenazone) and paracetamol (acetaminophen). Metabolic clearance of both drugs was significantly greater in subjects eating meat more than once a week than in those who ate meat less frequently. The precise contribution of diet could not be clearly defined since 90% of "meat-eaters" were European while all except one of the "vegetarians" were Asian. Clearance of both drugs increased with both alcohol and cigarette consumption. Regular intake of coffee and/or tea had a similar effect but, in the case of paracetamol, this did not attain statistical significance. Antipyrine clearance was lower among women who took the oral contraceptive pill than among those who did not, while paracetamol clearance was not significantly different. These findings may have implications for the use of drugs which are administered regularly in order to achieve steady-state plasma and tissue concentrations.

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Accession: 028005577

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PMID: 385271

DOI: 10.3109/03602537908993891

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