Influence of simultaneous exposure to acrylonitrile and styrene on the toxicity and metabolism of styrene in rats

Normandeau, J.; Chakrabarti, S.; Brodeur, J.

Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 75(2): 346-349


ISSN/ISBN: 0041-008X
PMID: 6474466
DOI: 10.1016/0041-008x(84)90217-5
Accession: 028533860

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Nine groups of adult male rats were given different combinations of styrene and acrylonitrile and each chemical was administered at three doses (styrene 0, 5.8, and 11.6 mmol/kg, ip; acrylonitrile 0, 0.3, and 0.6 mmol/kg, po). The animals were killed 24 hr later and blood and urine samples were collected. The results of biochemical analyses due to the toxicity of both chemicals and of the determination of urinary metabolites of styrene were then subjected to a factorial (3 X 3) analysis of variance. There was: (1) a significant elevation of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), and a diminution of urinary creatinine due to styrene; (2) an increase in serum creatinine and serum glutamicoxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) due to styrene that was further increased by acrylonitrile; and (3) an increase in the concentrations of urinary metabolites (thioethers, mandelic, phenylglyoxylic, and hippuric acids) due to styrene that was considerably reduced by acrylonitrile. These results suggest that styrene causes renal toxicity which may be potentiated by acrylonitrile; furthermore, the significant diminution of the urinary metabolites of styrene due to acrylonitrile obscures interpretation of the results of the biological monitoring of exposure to styrene.