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Nucleotide sequence analysis of the long terminal repeat of integrated simian sarcoma virus: evolutionary relationship with other mammalian retroviral long terminal repeats



Nucleotide sequence analysis of the long terminal repeat of integrated simian sarcoma virus: evolutionary relationship with other mammalian retroviral long terminal repeats



Journal of Virology 42(3): 1108-1113



Nucleotide sequence analysis of the long terminal repeat (LTR) of the integrated simian sarcoma virus showed that the simian sarcoma virus LTR comprised 504 nucleotides with an inverted repeat of seven bases at its 5' and 3' termini. At the site of simian sarcoma virus integration, cellular flanking sequences adjacent to the proviral LTR contained a direct repeat of four bases. A 13-base sequence after the 5' LTR was found to be complementary to prolyl tRNA, suggesting that tRNAPro may serve as the primer for reverse transcription of simian sarcoma virus RNA. The U5 and R regions, derived respectively from the 5' end and terminally redundant sequences of the viral RNA, were found to have similar organization and sequence homology close to that of Moloney murine sarcoma virus or Moloney murine leukemia virus. These results indicate that regions within LTRs with known functionally important sequences have been most well conserved during retrovirus evolution.

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Accession: 028813973

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PMID: 6284990


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