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The use of ovarian ultrasonography in monitoring ovulation induction



The use of ovarian ultrasonography in monitoring ovulation induction



Journal of in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer 1(4): 226-232



Ovarian ultrasonography is a new diagnostic technique which has become almost essential in monitoring ovulation. Recent improvements in ultrasound technology have allowed for accurate assessment of the number and size of the developing follicles and their rate of growth, as well as ovulation and postovulatory events. In the nonstimulated cycle follicular size correlates well with optimal maturation and there is a linear correlation between follicular diameter and plasma estradiol (E2 levels). In stimulated cycles, because of asynchrony of various recruited cohorts of follicles, these rules are not as steadfast. These observations indicate that when there is endogenous gonadotropic activity, follicular growth stimulated by human menopausal gonadotropins (hMG) does not develop synchronously. The aim should be, therefore, not only to improve the monitoring system but mainly to synchronize the cohorts of follicles recruited for development in any one cycle by a better regimen for ovulation induction. In view of the high success rate of hMG treatment in patients without endogenous gonadotropin secretion, it is tempting to speculate that inducing similar conditions in women with endogenous gonadotropin production may have a significant change in the pattern of follicular development in their conception rate.

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Accession: 029436781

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 6443119

DOI: 10.1007/bf01131621


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