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2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin modulates functional differentiation of mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells Downregulation of RelB by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin



2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin modulates functional differentiation of mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells Downregulation of RelB by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin



Toxicology Letters 173(1): 31-40



We have previously shown that benzo(a)pyrene inhibits the growth and functional differentiation of mouse bone marrow (BM)-derived dendritic cells (DCs) [Hwang, J.A., Lee, J.A., Cheong, S.W., Youn, H.J., Park, J.H., 2007. Benzo(a)pyrene inhibits growth and functional differentiation of mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells. Downregulation of RelB and eIF3 p170 by benzo(a)pyrene. Toxicol. Lett. 169, 82-90]. Since the toxic effects of benzo(a)pyrene are aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-dependent, we examined the effects of the very potent AhR agonist 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on the growth and functional differentiation of mouse BM-derived DCs. Ten nanomolars of TCDD had significant effects on functional differentiation of mouse DCs derived from BM cultured in the presence of GM-CSF and IL-4. The yields of DCs, flow-cytometrically analyzed for co-expression of CD11c/MHCII or CD11c/CD86, were reduced for TCDD-treated cultures, but TCDD itself had no effect on the growth of BM. DCs from TCDD-treated cultures expressed higher levels of MHCII and CD86, whereas expression of CD11c was reduced, compared with vehicle-treated cultures. Production of IL-10, but not IL-12, by the DCs from TCDD-treated cultures was decreased. Allogeneic T-cell stimulating ability of TCDD-treated DCs was increased compared to control DCs. The effects of TCDD were dependent on aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), because alpha-naphthoflavone, an AhR antagonist, suppressed the effects of TCDD on IL-10 production and T-cell stimulating ability. RT-PCR revealed the downregulation of RelB, a transcription factor necessary for DCs differentiation and function. Taken together, although benzo(a)pyrene and TCDD exert their effects via binding to AhR, their effects on the growth and functional differentiation of bone marrow-derived DCs are different.

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Accession: 029570925

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PMID: 17681673

DOI: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2007.06.012


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