A 275 year ice-core record from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya, Russian Arctic
Fritzsche Diedrich; Schuett Rainer; Meyer Hanno; Miller Heinz; Wilhelms Frank; Opel Thomas; Savatyugin Lev, M.
Annals of Glaciology 42: 361-366
Between 1999 and 2001, a 724 m long ice core was drilled on Akademii Nauk, the largest glacier on Severnaya Zemlya, Russian Arctic. The drilling site is located near the summit. The core is characterized by high melt-layer content. The melt layers are caused by melting and even by rain during the summer. We present high-resolution data of density, electrical conductivity (dielectrical profiling), stable water isotopes and melt-layer content for the upper 136 m (120 m w.e.) of the ice core. The dating by isotopic cycles and electrical conductivity peak identification suggests that this core section covers approximately the past 275 years. Singularities of volcanogenic and anthropogenic origin provide well-defined additional time markers. Long-term temperatures inferred from 12 year running mean averages of Delta (super 18) O reach their lowest level in the entire record around 1790. Thereafter the Delta (super 18) O values indicate a continuously increasing mean temperature on the Akademii Nauk ice cap until 1935, interrupted only by minor cooling episodes. The 20th century is found to be the warmest period in this record.