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A comparison of the breccia-metagabbro-syenite complex at Fjone, south central Norway, with some explosion-breccia-appinite complexes in the Caledonian orogenic belt of Scotland

A comparison of the breccia-metagabbro-syenite complex at Fjone, south central Norway, with some explosion-breccia-appinite complexes in the Caledonian orogenic belt of Scotland

Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 45(4): 463-472

The breccia-metagabbro-syenite complex at Fjone (Norway) is compared with the similar Caledonian explosion breccia-appinite complexes at Gleann Charnan and Kiloran bay (Scotland) with respect to rock associations, mineralogical and petrographic properties. The common features, development, and emplacement of the units, and the presence of quartzite blocks are explained as resulting from the uprise of volatile-rich basaltic magma being impeded by impervious structural traps of quartzites. The association of syenite with quartzite, alkaline basic igneous massess, and explosion breccias is of genetic importance.

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