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A mathematical theory of enamel solubility and the onset of dental caries JR Development and computer simulation of a model of caries formation



A mathematical theory of enamel solubility and the onset of dental caries JR Development and computer simulation of a model of caries formation



Bull Math Biophys: 443-464



Part-m attempts to develop a diffusion controlled model of caries in the intact enamel employing the kinetic results of the previous 2 parts. A model of the enamel as a granular bed with a diffusible organic matrix filling the interstices is considered. The basic equations of diffusion and simultaneous reaction are developed under the assumption that all the reactions are so rapid as compared with the diffusion rate, that they are in a quasiequilibrium state. The resultant system of 7 coupled, non-linear parabolic partial differential equations is of such complexity that only numerical solutions could be attempted. Stability restrictions inherent in the problem dictated the use of the DuFort-Frankel numerical solution for parabolic boundary problems. Numerical solutions giving the concentration of all reactants, the rate of mineral loss, and the enamel porosity were obtained for a variety of boundary conditions. It is found that departure from the equilibrium condition expressed in part-II is necessary for the occurrence of an attack on the enamel. The rate and pattern of penetration is then determined primarily by the concentrations of undissociated buffer, and salts, together with the rate of diffusion in the surrounding medium. The possibility of a relatively intact surface layer persisting over a demineralized subsurface region due solely to the composition of the demineralizing medium is noted. Remineralization behavior in portions of the carious lesion occurs in the model under certain boundary conditions.

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Accession: 029670560

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PMID: 5970940


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