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A revision of the nema-todes of the Leidy collections


A revision of the nema-todes of the Leidy collections



Proceedings Acad Nat Science Philadelphia 79: 49-163



DOI: 10.2307/4064017

The collections, from the Acad. Nat. Sci., Philadelphia, and the Univ. Pennsylvania, contain 144 species and represent most of the important families of the nema-todes. The parasitic species are mainly from hosts characteristic of the Atlantic coastal states. Twenty-four species are new and a number have been redescribed and renamed. Ophidascaris labiatopapillosa* (p. 59) from Coluber constrictor, Florida; Porrocaecum cavium* (p. 64) from Cavia porcellus, S. Amer.; AMPHICAECuM (p. 73) (Ascaridae, Anisakinae), type A. regale* (p. 73) from Cynoscion regalis, Atlantic coast; Falcustra longispicula* (p. 77) from Terrapene Carolina; THELASTOMOIDES (p. 85), type T. venustus (Thelastoma venustum Leidy) (p. 86), including also T. longicollis* (p. 87) and T. brevicollis* (p. 88), both from Testudo polyphemus, Georgia; Isakis robusta* (p. 93) from cockroaches; Filaria egretta* (p. 106) from Herodias egretta, Florida; F. dentata*(p. 106) from Putorius vison lutreocephalus; Pelecitus alatus* (p. 109) from Florida coerulea; Acanthocheilonema multipapillata* (p. 113) from some mammal; Diplo-triaena multituberculata* (p. 121) from Aphelocoma cyanea; D. tridentis* (p. 122) from some bird; D. americana* (p. 122) from Colaptes auratus; DIPLOTRIAENOIDES (p. 123) (Filariidae, Diplotriaeninae), type D. agelaius* (p. 123) from Agelaius phoeniceus; D. minutus* (p. 125) from Colinus virginianus, Florida; D. hepaticus* (p. 125) from Aphelocoma cyanea, Florida; Philometra translucida* (p. 126) from Esox lucius; Habronema pileata* (p. 129) from Phloeotomus pileatus; H. longispicula* (p. 130) from Scotiaptex nebulosa; Spiroptera tenuis*(p. 129) from Colinus virginianus Florida; Physaloptera quadridentata*(p. 138) from Buteo platypterus, Florida; P. leidyi* (p.139) from Varanus varians; and Oxyspirura americana* (p. 145) from an unknown host. AORURINAE (p. 85) is established as a new sub-family of the Oxyuridae for the type genus Aorurus Leidy and the new genus Thelastomoides. Aoru-rus contains the sub-genera Streptostoma Leidy (type) and Thelastoma Leidy. Streptostoma takes S. agile as the type and Thelastoma takes T. attenuata. The genus OXYSOMOIDES (p. 85) (Oxyuridae) is established for a group of forms eliminated from the redefined genus Oxysomatium (p. 84) with Oxysomoides tricirratus (Linstow) n. comb. as the type species. Both Oxysomatium and Oxysomoides are transferred from the family Oxyuridae to the Kathlaniidae. The following new combinations are made Porrocaecum amphiumum (Filaria amphiumae Leidy) (p. 63); P. talpum (Ascaris talpae Rud.) (p. 65); P. acanthurum (Ascaris acanthura Leuckart) (p. 65); Multicaecum tenuicolle* (Ascaris tenuicollis Rud.) (p. 71); Cis-sophyllus roseus* (Cucullanus r. Leidy) (p. 79); Oxysomoides tricirratus (Schneider) n. comb., referred from Oxysoma (p. 85); O. tuberculatus, n. comb., referred from Oxysoma (p. 85), O. macintoshii (Oxysoma to. Stewart) (p. 85); Aorurus agilis (Streptostoma agile Leidy) (p. 92); A. diesingi*(Oxyuris d. Hamm. = Streptostoma gracile Leidy in part) (p. 92); A. blattae = orientalis (Oxyuris b.-o. Hamm.) (p. 92); A. kiinckeli (Oxyuris kiinckeli Galeb.) (p. 92); A. longicaudatus (Oxyuris longicaudata Meyer) (p. 92); A. pachyjuli (Oxyuris p. Par.) (p. 92); A. leidyi (Oxyuris I. Skrj.) (p. 92); Aorurus attenuatus (Thelastoma attenuata Leidy) (p. 92); A. appendiculatus (Thelastoma appen-diculatum Leidy = Oxyuris appendiculatum) (p. 92); A. labiatus (Thelastoma labiatum Leidy) (p. 92); A. robustus (Thelastoma robustum Leidy) (p. 92); A. brevicaudatus (Thelastoma brevicaudatum Leidy) (p. 92); A. gracilis (Oxyuris g. = Thelastoma g.) (p. 92); A. laticollis (Oxyuris l. = Thelastoma l.) (p. 92); A. depressus (Oxyuris d. [long dash]Thelastoma depressum) (p. 92); A. blatticola (Oxyuris b. Galeb.) (p. 92); A. bulhaesi* (Oxyuris b. Magath) (p. 92); A. alatus (Thelastoma alatum Johns.) (p. 92); A. myriapodicolus (Oxyuris myriapodicola Skrj.) (p. 92); Oncholaimus vacillatus* (Pontonema vacillatum Leidy) (p. 100); Enoplus marinus* (Pontonema marinum Leidy) (p. 100); Kalicephalus simplex* (Strongylus s. Leidy) (p. 102); Isociella quadrituberculata (Filaria q. Leidy) (p. 111); /. solitaria (F. solitaria Leidy) (p. 111); Acanthocheilonema spelaea* (Filaria s. Leidy) (p. 111); Serratospiculum helicinum* (Filaria helicina Molin) (p. 114); Dicheilonema ciconiae* (D. labiata Dies. = Filaria l. Crep.) (p. 115); D. rheae (Filaria horrida, Dies.) (p. 117); D. cylindrica (Filaria nodulosa Rud.) (p. 118); Diplotriaena obtuso-caudata* (Filaria o.-c. Rud.) (p. 120); Habronema uncinipenis* (Spiroptera u. Molin) (p. 127); Hedruris pendula (Synplecta p. Leidy = Hedruris squamata Linst.) (p. 141); Camal-lanus trispinosus (Cucullanus t. Leidy = Camallanus americanus Magath) (p. 142); Gordius tenuissimus (G. tenuis Leidy), preoccupied (p. 98). The names Ascaris serpentulus Rud., A. leptoptera Rud., A. squalii Linst., Atractis crudata Linst. ( = A. subulata Leidy), Filaria australis Linst., Gnathostoma socia lis Leidy, and Ascaris penita Leidy fall as synonyms respectively to Ascaris ardeae Frol.; to a group containing Toxocara canis Stiles, T. mystax Stiles, T. crenulata R. & H. and Toxascaris leonina Y. & M.; to Contracaecum incur-vum B. & D.; to Atractis opeatura Leidy; to Acanthocheilonema spelaea; to Gnathostoma spinigerum Owen; and to Spiroxys contorta Schn. A classified host list is appended.

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