Action of lipid peroxidation products on phosphoinositide specific phospholipase C

Rossi, M.A.; Di Mauro, C.; Dianzani, M.U.

Molecular Aspects of Medicine 14(3): 273-279


ISSN/ISBN: 0098-2997
PMID: 8264343
DOI: 10.1016/0098-2997(93)90015-6
Accession: 029870055

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4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE), a major lipid peroxidation product, displays several biological actions. Among them, the differentiation of human HL-60 cells and the stimulation of neutrophil oriented migration occur at concentrations which can be actually found in normal tissues and in body fluids. In spite of its chemotactic activity, HNE fails to increase neutrophil oxidative metabolism. The action of the aldehyde on cell migration appears to be mediated by a phosphoinositide specific phospholipase C. The acceleration of phosphatidylinositol turnover induced by 10 pM 4-hydroxyoctenal, another lipid peroxidation product, is prevented by the pretreatment of neutrophils with pertussis toxin. The mechanism of action of these 4-hydroxyalkenals appears to follow pathways common to other chemoattractants, but some differences can be found too. In particular HNE seems unable to stimulate phospholipase D activity. The action of 4-hydroxyalkenals and other lipid peroxidation products on transmembrane signalling systems and on phospholipid metabolism might regulate several cell functions, such as motility, proliferation and differentiation.