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An application of the biotic ligand model to predict the toxic effects of metal mixtures



An application of the biotic ligand model to predict the toxic effects of metal mixtures



Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 27(7): 1479-1487



The rapidly developing biotic ligand model (BLM) allows us to predict the toxicity of heavy metals in water of various chemistries; however, the current BLM predicts the toxicity of a single metal and not the toxic effects of metal mixtures. The toxic mechanisms of heavy metals are not yet completely understood, but hypocalcemia is suggested to be the most likely toxic mechanism for some metals.

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Accession: 030008831

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PMID: 18260697


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