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An aqueous thermodynamic model for the Pb super 2+ -Na super + -K super + -Ca super 2+ -Mg super 2+ -H super + -Cl super - -SO sub 4 super 2- -H sub 2 O system to high concentration; application to WIPP brines



An aqueous thermodynamic model for the Pb super 2+ -Na super + -K super + -Ca super 2+ -Mg super 2+ -H super + -Cl super - -SO sub 4 super 2- -H sub 2 O system to high concentration; application to WIPP brines



Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(21): 3615-3628



The development of an aqueous thermodynamic model for the Pb (super 2+) -Na (super +) -K (super +) -Ca (super 2+) -Mg (super 2+) -Cl (super -) -SO (sub 4) (super 2-) -H (sub 2) O system is presented, which is valid to high ionic strengths at 25 degrees C. The model is based on the equations of Pitzer and has been parameterized from existing solubility, osmotic, electromotive force (emf), and spectroscopic data. To accurately represent the aqueous thermodynamics of Pb (super 2+) in concentrated chloride containing solutions required the inclusion of four Pb chloride species (i.e., PbCl (super +) , PbCl (sub 2) (aq), PbCl (sub 3) (super -) , and PbCl (sub 4) (super 2-) ) along with the necessary Pitzer ion interaction parameters for these species with the major electrolyte ions. The reliability of the final equilibrium model is tested against experimental solubility data on PbCl (sub 2) (c) and PbSO (sub 4) (c) in high ionic strength Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) brines obtained as part of this study. On an overall basis the model accurately predicted the aqueous speciation, based on comparisons with our UV-Vis spectroscopy measurements, as well as the observed solubility. The model also proved satisfactory in predicting the observed solid phase assemblages, with the possible exception of those found in solutions high in KCl.

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Accession: 030009801

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DOI: 10.1016/s0016-7037(00)00454-3


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