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Association of impaired thrombolysis in myocardial infarction myocardial perfusion grade with ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation following fibrinolytic therapy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction



Association of impaired thrombolysis in myocardial infarction myocardial perfusion grade with ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation following fibrinolytic therapy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction



Journal of the American College of Cardiology 51(5): 546-551



The goal of this analysis was to evaluate the association of impaired Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction myocardial perfusion grade (TMPG) with sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF). Impaired TMPG after successful restoration of epicardial flow among patients treated with fibrinolytic therapy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been associated with adverse clinical outcomes, but its relationship to VT/VF has not been evaluated. In the CLARITY-TIMI 28 (Clopidogrel as Adjunctive Reperfusion Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 28) study, 3,491 patients underwent angiography a median of 3.5 days after fibrinolytic administration for STEMI; TMPG was assessed, and its association with VT/VF was evaluated. We observed VT/VF in 4.8% of patients. Impaired myocardial perfusion (TMPG 0/1/2) was associated with an increased incidence of VT/VF (7.1% vs. 2.6% with TMPG 3; log-rank p < 0.001). Among patients with restoration of normal epicardial flow (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 3), the incidence of VT/VF was increased among patients with impaired TMPG (4.7% vs. 2.7%; p = 0.02). Among patients with left ventricular ejection fraction >or=30%, impaired TMPG remained associated with an increased incidence of VT/VF (4.7% vs. 2.5%; p = 0.03). We found that VT/VF was associated with increased mortality (25.2% vs. 3.5%; p < 0.0001). Furthermore, among patients with VT/VF, impaired TMPG was associated with increased mortality (17.1% vs. 2.3%; p = 0.02). All but 1 death among patients who had VT/VF were among patients with impaired myocardial perfusion. Despite restoration of normal epicardial flow or a left ventricular ejection fraction >or=30%, impaired myocardial perfusion on angiography 3.5 days after fibrinolytic administration for STEMI is associated with an increased incidence of VT/VF.

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Accession: 030207737

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PMID: 18237683

DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2007.08.061


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