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Behaviour of a rupture of the 21 June 2000 earthquake in South Iceland as revealed in an asphalted car park



Behaviour of a rupture of the 21 June 2000 earthquake in South Iceland as revealed in an asphalted car park



Journal of Structural Geology 24(12): 1925-1936



A major earthquake (M = 6.6) occurred on 21 June 2000, in South Iceland. This paper presents an unusual example of left-lateral strike-slip displacement recorded in a newly asphalted car park surface through a mechanically consistent pattern of open fissures and pressure ridges resulting from simple shear and rotation. Measurement of these features allows accurate reconstruction of the local deformation. The behaviour of the asphalt layer resembles that of analogue physical models, especially in terms of rotations induced by shear deformation. It is finally shown that through a wide range of scales some basic patterns associating rotation and opposite senses of strike-slip exist in the South Iceland Seismic Zone.

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Accession: 030269349

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DOI: 10.1016/s0191-8141(02)00007-x


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