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Butterfly pollination of Clerodendrum infortunatum

Butterfly pollination of Clerodendrum infortunatum

Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 92(2): 166-173

ISSN/ISBN: 0006-6982

Clerodendrum infortunatum L. flowers from February to April. The flowers anthese during 0600-0700 hr and offer nectar and pollen to insect visitors. Nectar is secreted up to the evening of 3rd day. The nectar sugars are sucrose, glucose and fructose. Sucrose is predominant. Sugar concentration ranges from 6 to 30%. Protein and amino acids are present. The breeding system incorporates both geitonogamy and xenogamy. A total of 17 species of insects are found foraging at the flowers diurnally. Male and female phases of the flowers are separated in time and space. The Papilionoid butterflies (Papilio polytes, P. polymnestor and Atrophaneura hector) approached the flower horizontally, grasped it with their legs and continuously fluttered as they probed for nectar. The wings stroke the anthers/stigma, thereby causing pterigotribic pollination.

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Accession: 030368247

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