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Effect of fertilizer application and green-manuring on physicochemical properties of soil and grain yield in rice -wheat crop sequence

Effect of fertilizer application and green-manuring on physicochemical properties of soil and grain yield in rice -wheat crop sequence

Indian Journal of Agronomy 40(1): 4-13

ISSN/ISBN: 0537-197X

A field experiment was carried out during 1989-90, 1990-91 and 1991-92 to evaluate the effectiveness of prickly sesban or dhaincha (Sesbania cannabina (Retz.) Pers.) and Frenchbean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) green-manures grown in rice (Oryza sativa L.)-wheat (Triticum aestivum L. emend. Fiori and Paol.) crop sequence under irrigated conditions. Direct, and carry-over effects on crop yield, rice-blast incidence, physical and chemical properties of soil were also studied under double-cropping system. Seed and straw yields of rice increased significantly due to green-manuring, and prickly sesban proved better green-manure crop. Fertilizer dose to rice could be saved up to 50% of the recommended dose. Neck-blast incidence increased with increasing fertilizer dose to rice in the presence of higher green-matter addition. No residual effect on wheat yield could be obtained. Bulk density after rainy season (kharif), i.e. rice harvest, was more whereas cumulative infiltration, available N, P and K were low compared with that after winter season (rabi) (wheat harvest), but the relative values due to green-manuring with dhaincha were higher than those under green-manuring with Frenchbean. However, the treatment differences were not significant after the wheat harvest.

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