Section 32
Chapter 31,236

Endogenous superoxide dismutase activity in reperfusion injuries

Fukuhara, T.; Gotoh, M.; Kawauchi, M.; Asari, S.; Ohmoto, T.

Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplementum 60: 250-252


PMID: 7976558
Accession: 031235567

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To elucidate the relationship between reperfusion injuries and free radicals, we monitored the endogenous superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity by intracerebral microdialysis. Six cats underwent a transient occlusion of the middle cerebral artery for 60 minutes after microdialysis probes were implanted bilaterally into the white matter under the ectosylvian gyrus. Dialysates were collected at 30 minute intervals over the course of 5 hours after reperfusion. The SOD activity of the dialysates was measured with electron spin resonance spectrometry. Regional cerebral blood flow was measured simultaneously and the water content of the white matter was assayed at the end of the experiment. After reperfusion, SOD activity increased significantly in the first 30 minutes compared with the preoperative value, and decreased over 4-4.5 hours and 4.5-5 hours in the occluded side. The water content in the occluded side was significantly higher than that in the contralateral side. The highest SOD activity during reperfusion and the water content in the occluded side seemed to correlate, although not significantly. A leakage of intracellular SOD or a reactive increase of SOD activity in response to the reperfusion injury are possible mechanisms of increase in extracellular SOD.

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