+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Establishment and early growth after rice of subterranean clover , Persian clover , balansa clover , and white clover



Establishment and early growth after rice of subterranean clover , Persian clover , balansa clover , and white clover



Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 34(4): 459-467



Four temperate clovers were grown on a typical rice-growing soil in the Murrumbidgee Valley, New South Wales, to assess their establishment and early growth potential. Subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum var. yanninicum) cv. Trikkala, Persian clover (T. resupinatum) cv. Maral, balansa clover (T. michelianum var. balansae) cv. Paradana, and white clover (T. repens) cv. Haifa were sown immediately following a rice crop in autumn of 3 consecutive years. Seven sowing methods were compared, including combinations of surface or drill sowing with land preparation techniques commonly used in rice-farming systems. All cultivars established successfully. Trikkala had the best establishment on the basis of per cent seed sown in year 2, and equal best in years 1 and 3. although Paradana and Maral had higher plant densities at the sowing rates used. Paradana and Maral produced the highest dry matter yields and Haifa the lowest (P lt 0.05) in the growing period to mid-spring. Sowing method strongly influenced (P lt 0.05) both establishment and yield of clover. Sowing into a dense rice canopy before harvest severely restricted clover performance, while harvesting rice before sowing greatly improved (P lt 0.05) clover establishment and dry matter production. Establishment from surface sowing was generally more successful than from drill sowing, although yields with both methods were mostly satisfactory. Establishment and yields were highest after burning stubble, but this effect was variable and not always significant. Sowing after cultivation was not successful, especially in the 2 wetter years, due to poor seedbed preparation and waterlogging.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 031289498

Download citation: RISBibTeXText


Related references

Response of subterranean clover, balansa clover, and gland clover to lime when grown in mixtures on an acid soil. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 59(9): 824, 2008

Response of subterranean clover, balansa clover, and gland clover to lime when grown in mixtures on an acid soil. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 59(9): 824-835, 2008

Occurrence of alfalfa mosaic, clover yellow vein, subterranean clover red leaf, and white clover mosaic viruses in white clover throughout Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 49(4): 723-728, 1998

Tolerance of subterranean clover cultivars and balansa clover to selective herbicides in tasmania australia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 29(6): 785-790, 1989

Clover weevils (Apion spp.) occurring in plantations of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), white clover (T. repens L.) and alsike clover (T. hybridum L.) in south-eastern Poland. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych, E Ochrona Roslin 16(1): 17-100, 1986

Clover weevils (Apion spp.) occuring on the plantations of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) white clover (T. repens L.) and alsike clover (T. hybridum L.) in south-eastern Poland. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych Seria E Ochrona Roslin. 1986 ; 161: 17-100, 1987

Factors influencing the role of clover in grass-clover leys fertilized with nitrogen at different rates. II. The effects of the variety of white clover on the yields of total herbage and clover. J. agric. Sci 56: 143-160, 1961

Factors influencing the role of clover in grass-clover leys fertilized with nitrogen at different rates II The effects of the variety of white clover on the yields of total herbage and of clover. The Journal of Agricultural Science 56(2): 155, 1961

Mineral content of German feeding stuffs and the effect on it of manuring and place of origin. Results for white clover, Swedish clover, red clover, kidney vetch, yellow clover, senadella and sainfoin. Landwirtsch. Versuchs-Stat 124: 153-240, 1936

Effects of clover root weevil and moisture stress on subterranean, balansa, Persian, arrowleaf and white clovers. Proceedings Of The New Zealand Grassland Association: 255-257, 2008

Growth of pasture species. III. White clover , subterranean clover and Lotus major. New Zealand Jour Sci And Technol Ser A 37(5): 395-413, 1956

Studies on microbial antagonism in the establishment of clover pasture. 2. The effect of saprophytic soil fungi upon Rhizobium trifolii and the growth of subterranean clover. pl. Soil, 25: 3, 329-40. Bibl. 16, 1966

Sward growth of monocultures and binary mixtures of phalaris lucerne white clover and subterranean clover under two defoliation regimes. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 31(1): 51-62, 1991

Growth of pasture species. 3. White clover (Trifolium repens), subterranean clover (T. subterraneum) and Lotus major (L. uliginosus). N.Z. J. Sci. Technol, 37: 5, 395-413. bibl. 10, 1956

Subterranean clover establishment management and utilization in texas usa adaptation of subterranean clover to calcareous soils. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Miscellaneous Publication (1640): 7-8, 1988