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Factors influencing length of stay in neurosurgical intensive care unit



Factors influencing length of stay in neurosurgical intensive care unit



Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 91(6): 875-881



Background: The demand of occupancy in neurosurgical intensive care unit (NICU) has extremely risen up in King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital but the intensive care personnel have not proportionally increased with the demand identifying especially for intensivists. The possible management that may be help to solve this problem is identifying the factors which may be involved in prolonging length of stay (LOS) in ICU and modifying of those risk factors.Objective: To determine the factors which influenced the LOS in NICU.Setting: Neurosurgical intensive care unit (NICU) in King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital which is the tertiary care hospital.Research design: A retrospective observational study.Material and Method. All data of NICU had been gathered over the period of October 1(st), 2004 to December 31(st), 2004. The patient characteristics; age, gender diagnosis, underlying diseases, and length of NICU stay were recorded Postoperative events were stratified into 4 groups involving pulmonary complications, cardiovascular complications, neurological conditions and others.Results: A total of 178 admissions utilized 605 ICU days. Short-stay patients (LOS <= 3 days) accounted for 76.4% of total admissions which consumed only 32.1% of ICU days. The patients who were admitted between 3 to 14 days had 20.8% but mostly utilized 49.4% of ICU day. Cerebral aneurysm had the highest proportion (41.03%) in LOS more than 3 days group. The major causes of prolonged LOS are triple-H therapy (28%) and mechanical ventilation assisting (28%).Conclusion: The major causes of prolonged LOS are triple-H therapy and mechanical ventilation assisting in neurosurgical ICU Early tracheotomy and using the proper weaning protocol might help reducing LOS in ICU with limited specific care procedure.

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Accession: 031412772

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PMID: 18697388


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